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(12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, was born in London, England. Original name Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti. English painter and poet. He was the most illustrious member of the Rossetti family.
He founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848 with William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais, a group of painters treating religious, moral, and medieval subjects in a nonacademic manner. Was later to be the main inspiration for a second generation of artists and writers influenced by the movement, most notably William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones.
Rossetti's art was characterised by its sensuality and its medieval revivalism. His early poetry was influenced by John Keats. His later poetry was characterised by the complex interlinking of thought and feeling, especially in his sonnet sequence The House of Life. Poetry and image are closely entwined in Rossetti's work; he frequently wrote sonnets to accompany his pictures, while also creating art to illustrate poems.
Rossetti's personal life was closely linked to his work, especially his relationships with his models and muses Elizabeth Siddal, Fanny Cornforth and Jane Morris.