(born Sept. 3, 1914, Havana, Cuba—died Oct. 30, 2008, Miami, Fla.), Cuban painter and muralist who created works in the Modernist style that celebrated the themes and life of his native Cuba. He was born to a middle-class family in Havana, where he studied art as a teen. During a brief period of schooling (1938) in Mexico City, he familiarized himself with the mural work of Mexican artists, notably that of Diego Rivera. Bermúdez’s paintings were known for their vividly coloured figures and tropical warmth. His later work, however, tended more toward the abstract and employed surreal imagery that included clocks, ladders, and turbaned figures. Disillusioned with the Cuban government, Bermúdez left the country in the late 1960s for Puerto Rico and later moved to the United States. Two of his paintings, The Balcony (1941) and Barber Shop (1942), were acquired for the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
source: Encyclopaedia Britannica