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The Aurelian Wall in Rome  1809

by Josephus Augustus Knip

Construction of this 18-kilometre-long rampart began under the reign of Roman Emperor Aurelian (270–275 AD), which explains its name, the Aurelian Wall. In choosing a low vantage point, Knip underscored the structure’s menacing massiveness. Knip’s inscription on this drawing is amusing: evidently herds of cattle regularly caused jams on the road along the wall.
Courtesy of Rijksmuseum