Composition (No. 1) Gray-Red  1935

by Piet Mondrian

The roots of 20th-century abstract art can be traced to the late 19th century, when artists began to move away from the direct representation of objects toward the communication of emotional states or moods. In doing so, the formal properties of art—such visual elements as line, color, and composition—assumed a primary role in its production. After World War I, many artist...
22 5/8 × 21 7/8 in. (57.5 × 55.6 cm)
Oil on canvas
Courtesy of the Art Institute of Chicago