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Johannes Janson (b. 1729 Ambon, Indonesia - d. 1784 Leyden) was sent from Indonesia to Holland at the age of eight and apprenticed to the army's engineering section. After resigning his military functions, he settled in Leyden and was listed in its guild in 1761 under the name of Jacobus.
Janson is known for his idyllic landscapes filled with animals and village scenes, painted in the style of seventeenth-century Dutch artists such as Paulus Potter, whose paintings he copied. He also often used dramatic receding perspective to create rapid movement into spatial depth. Many of Janson's patrons were members of Leyden's upper middle class who wanted a painted visual record of their formal gardens on canvas. Janson also made landscape etchings after his drawings.