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Appropriation can be understood as "the use of borrowed elements in the creation of a new work." In the visual arts, to appropriate means to properly adopt, borrow, recycle or sample aspects (or the entire form) of man-made visual culture.
Inherent in our understanding of appropriation is the concept that the new work recontextualises whatever it borrows to create the new work. In most cases the original 'thing' remains accessible as the original, without change.
Derivative work is a work based upon one or more pre-existing works, such as a translation, musical arrangement, motion picture version, sound recording, art reproduction, abridgement, condensation, or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed, or adapted. A work consisting of editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other modifications which, as a whole, represent an original work of authorship, is a derivative work.
The two descriptions above are the basis for my practice, I appropriate pre-existing images from Old Masters and 20th Century Photographic printed reproductions. I carefully paint-out sections of the prints to reveal other aspects of the image. It changes the focus to new elements that were already present but not noticeable before and transforms the entire concept. I am fascinated by how much of an image you can remove and still have something to see.