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5 10.0 (3)

Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768)  1768

by Anton Raphaël Mengs

Johann Joachim Winckelmann was the most influential early archaeologist and a pioneer in the field of art history. His History of Ancient Art, published in 1764, became a classic text for travelers and cognoscenti of art. He was also a close friend and admirer of Mengs. Both were leading exponents of the nascent Neoclassical movement in Rome. In this idealized posthumous p...
Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art