Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1768)1717 - 1768
Johann Joachim Winckelmann was the most influential early archaeologist and a pioneer in the field of art history. His History of Ancient Art, published in 1764, became a classic text for travelers and cognoscenti of art. He was also a close friend and admirer of Mengs. Both were leading exponents of the nascent Neoclassical movement in Rome. In this idealized posthumous portrait Winckelmann is shown holding a Greek edition of Homer's Iliad, alluding to his erudition and ties to Classical poetry.
- Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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